AFRICAN GREYS IN THE WILD
There are two subspecies of African grey parrots (psittacus erithacus): the larger Congo African grey, the nominate species (psittacus erithacus erithacus), and the smaller, darker timneh African grey, (psittacus erithacus timneh).
The two subspecies occupy territory in western Africa ranging from Guinea to Angola and as far east as Kenya. The range of the Congo African grey is by far the more diverse resulting in a regional gradation in size and depth of shade: the Congo African grey becomes smaller and darker towards the northwest limits of their range, larger and darker towards the southwest, and lighter in the west central areas and heading towards the east. This accounts for the wide variation in weight, length and color of the Congo African grey in captivity.
The timneh range is much smaller by comparison: ranging from Guinea to the Ivory Coast. Their more localized natural range makes the timneh body type relatively uniform in the wild and in captivity.
The African grey mates, who tend to group with very large flocks throughout the year, will break away for breeding season. They choose nests in the cavities of old or decaying trees. A typical clutch consists of 3-4 eggs. The young fledge at about nine weeks of age but remain with the parents for many months following.
The African grey is an opportunistic feeder which means they will take advantage of whatever means of feeding are available. They are both canopy and ground feeders with a varied diet of plants, berries, fruits, nuts, seeds and the occasional insect.
In captivity, an African grey should be provided a wide variety of fresh vegetables, fruits, cooked or sprouted legumes and grains. Click here to read more about the optimum captive parrot diet: NATURAL FEEDING
Also included in the daily diet of an African grey parrot is a high quality, natural pellet to fill in any nutritional gaps in their diet. Click here to read about parrot food safety: FEED YOUR FLOCK
The lifespan of a captive African grey is approximately 50 years making them a lifelong commitment as a pet, though the lifespan of wild African greys is reported to be considerably shorter.
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